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Glossary

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Rack
A type of equipment for static dyeing in which socks are divided by drawers preventing friction from causing laps or pulling threads.
Raschel
Type of knit containing elastomer, which is characterized by the maximum stretch in the warp direction and a reduced stretch in the weft direction.
Reinforced top
In this kind of top, the briefs part is made with additional threads or different from those used for the legs, with the result of a heavier and more opaque appearance.
Relaxing
Piece of hosiery which, thanks to its particular structure, is able to give a light invigorating massage on the leg (see Relaxing).
Rotary machine
Special machine in which dyed stockings are centrifuged in order to remove residual water.
Seam
In tights, seams are applied to the top and the toes. They are very important because fit depends mostly on them.
Section
Nylon threads normally used in hosiery consist of several filaments known as "strands", whose sections may have different shapes (round, triangular, flat).
Sheer Satin Lycra
Combination or covered Lycra (Lycra≤22 dtex) and parallel nylon, which gives tights a smooth and sheer appearance, typical of For Summer articles.
Sheer to the waist
Topless tights with a bare effect (see bare top in For Summer, Opaques, Elegant).
Shoe liner
Unglued sole aimed at being kept hidden inside the shoes, also known as "invisible sock".
Silicone
Substance applied to the top, which allows hold-ups to stay up.
Size
Measure which identifies the stocking fit.
Sock
Short piece of hosiery with different heights which usually covers the foot up to the calf.
Spectrophotometer
Instrument used after dyeing for specific analyses on the result of the added colour.
Spinneret
Steel disk characterized by the presence of very small holes, in a variable number.
Spinning
Production process of a yarn (see) from various fibres (see), or extrusion (see) process of synthetic fibres (see) through the spinneret (see).
Spiral covering
Covering technique for the nylon filament, which is coiled up round the elastomer.
Staple
Untidy set of fibres with a pre-determined length depending on the expected use, obtained by cutting extruded and stretched filaments.
Static dyeing
In static dyeing, stockings do not move, while the bath is stirred by pumps.
Strand
Number of filaments composing a thread.
Stretch
Said of a fabric which has a certain extensibility, obtained through a chemical or mechanical process.
Stretching
Operation carried out after spinning, aimed at stretching the raw nylon thread on reels to make it flat and thin.
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